How to Start Restart and Stop The Cron or Crond Service on Linux

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How do I start, restart and stop the cron service under a Linux / BSD / UNIX-like operating systems using command prompt or terminal ?

Cron (crond) daemon or service is use to execute scheduled commands or scripts. cron wakes up every minute, examining all stored crontabs, checking each command to see if it should be run in the current minute.

Commands for RHEL/Fedora/CentOS/Scientific Linux user

If you are using Redhat (RHEL)/Fedora/CentOS Linux use the following commands.

Task: Start cron service

To start the cron service, use:

# /etc/init.d/crond start

OR RHEL/CentOS 5.x/6.x user:

# service crond start

OR RHEL/Centos Linux 7.x user

# systemctl start crond.service

Task: Stop cron service

To stop the cron service, use:

# /etc/init.d/crond stop

OR RHEL/CentOS 5.x/6.x user:

# service crond stop

OR RHEL/Centos Linux 7.x user:

# systemctl stop crond.service

Task: Restart cron service

To restart the cron service, use:

# /etc/init.d/crond restart

OR RHEL/CentOS 5.x/6.x user:

# service crond restart

OR RHEL/Centos Linux 7.x user:

# systemctl restart crond.service

Commands for Ubuntu/Mint/Debian based Linux distro
If you are using Debian or Ubuntu or Mint Linux the following commands.

Task: Debian Start cron service

To start the cron service, use:

# /etc/init.d/cron start

OR

$ sudo /etc/init.d/cron start

OR

$ sudo service cron start

Task: Debian Stop cron service
To stop the cron service, use:

# /etc/init.d/cron stop

OR

$ sudo /etc/init.d/cron stop

OR

gith$ sudo service cron stop

Task: Debian Restart cron service

To restart the cron service, use:

# /etc/init.d/cron restart

OR

$ sudo /etc/init.d/cron restart

OR

$ sudo service cron restart

Task : Start the cron service at boot time

It is recommended that you start the service at boot time so that job can run w/o problems.

If you are using Redhat (RHEL)/Fedora Core/Cent OS Linux use the following commands to ensure that the service remains enabled after a reboot:

# chkconfig crond on

You can use a text based GUI tool called ntsysv to enable crond service:

# ntsysv

If you are using Debian or Ubuntu Linux use the following commands to ensure that the service remains enabled after a reboot:

# rcconf

OR

$ sudo rcconf

You can use command line tool update-rc.d:

# update-rc.d cron defaults

OR

$ sudo update-rc.d cron defaults

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